Roque Carbajo's first musical training was Mexican and South American folklore. His parents transmitted the rythms and songs oraly giving him the opportunity to begin playing the guitar at a very early age. As in the 1950s, small size guitars did not exist, he began to play on a cavaquinho. His first appearance on stage was in the "La cathédrale de cendres" a theater play written by Berta Domínguez and directed by Abel Gance, presented in Paris. It was his first performance on stage in a leading role, he had to sing and accompany himself on the cavaquinho.